Workwear in the strict sense includes all items of clothing that must be worn by employees to protect their own clothing in the context of the work being carried out.
In the absence of legal regulations, certain items of clothing are not prescribed as workwear. Each individual worker decides for himself/herself to wear certain items of clothing at work.
Who covers the costs of workwear?
The costs of purchasing and cleaning workwear shall be met by the employee, unless the employer has undertaken to meet the costs on the basis of a corresponding agreement in the employment contract, in a company agreement or in a relevant collective agreement.
Workwear also includes professional clothing, of clothing and protective clothing.
- Professional clothing is clothing that is customary for certain professions or is appropriate due to the nature of the work (e.g. a suit for a bank employee). Unless otherwise agreed, the employee shall bear the costs of purchasing and cleaning the professional clothing.
- Official clothing is clothing that must be worn for special identification during work due to an official interest (e.g. uniforms). The obligation to wear official clothing is regulated in numerous collective agreements and can also result from accident prevention regulations and company agreements. If such a legal provision exists, the question of costs is usually also clarified there. If the bearing of costs is not regulated and there is no provision in the employment contract, the bearing of costs must be decided on a case-by-case basis according to the principles of good faith, taking into account the employer's duty of care. In this context, the relationship between the amount of the costs and the employee's remuneration on the one hand and the possibilities of private use of the uniforms on the other hand are decisive.